Jeffries and Treacher Family History





I have been working on the Family Tree since about January 2005, since when I have come across over 3000 relatives of varying degrees of greatness and removal.

The web site, which first came online in January 2009, originally dealt only with my ancestors, but has now expanded to include other family members.

It is very fortunate that so much information has become available on the internet in the last few years and that more is still appearing.  I would not have started this if I hadn't been able to do most of it without stirring from my armchair!


Up in the morning's no for me,
Up in the morning early.

(Robert Burns - Up in the morning early)


I have started the tree with myself, purely on the grounds that I had to start somewhere.  Since the death of my mother in November 2012, I have been the only living person on the site.

The core of the package is the Family Tree and the Family Group Reports, but I have added various other pages which I hope will provide colour and interest.

Main Ancestral Lines


     The main surnames, and their main locations, to be
     found on this site are -
        Jeffries, Belcher and Bason from Berkshire
        (now Oxfordshire)
        Treacher from Hertfordshire and Woolwich
        Abbott, Catlin and Gardiner from Suffolk
        Carpenter and Fisher from Middlesex (now London)
        Cooper and Inwood from Surrey
        Flaws and Laughton from Scotland

How Many Ancestors?


Counting myself as the first generation, the earliest ancestor I have found so far, one William Inwood, born about 1611 is in the thirteenth generation, ie a 10th Great Grandfather; just one out of a possible 4096 in that generation.

Once you get back past the reach of the census records, finding ancestors can be extremely difficult, and eventually impossible.  There are some at the far end, including William Inwood, of whom I cannot be quite certain.

Many of those at the far end have very little known about them.  William Inwood has only a birth year estimated from the baptism of his child and a death year of some time after the birth of the child.

This table shows, as of January 2015, how many ancestors have been found in each generation and in total, but it is probably not exact as I have included the doubtful ancestors.

Generation Relationship Possible Number Number Found Percentage
1 Me 1 1 100%
2 Parents 2 2 100%
3 Grand Parents 4 4 100%
4 Great Grand Parents 8 8 100%
5 2nd Great Grand Parents 16 16 100%
6 3rd Great Grand Parents 32 29 90.6%
7 4th Great Grand Parents 64 36 56.3%
8 5th Great Grand Parents 128 34 26.6%
9 6th Great Grand Parents 256 29 11.3%
10 7th Grand Parents 512 18 3.5%
11 8th Great Grand Parents 1024 5 0.5%
12 9th Great Grand Parents 2048 4 0.2%
13 10th Great Grand Parents 4096 1 0.025%
Total - 8190 177 2.2%


Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife,
Their sober wishes never learn'd to stray;
Along the cool sequester'd vale of life
They kept the noiseless tenor of their way.

(Thomas Gray - Elegy in a Country Churchyard)


Data Reliability


Constructing a Family Tree is an on-going process of refinement. The information on this website, therefore, is based on the presently known data, as I have interpreted it. I accept that I may, of course, have made mistakes and that the data may need to be amended in the light of future information or consideration, even to the extent that some names may have to be removed from the database. If there is any doubt about an ancestor, then I have placed a question mark after the surname in the Family Tree. In some cases this may just be a doubt about the spelling of the name, but in some cases, the link with our ancestors may not be 100% conclusive. The possible parentage of my third great grandfather, Henry Jeffries, is detailed in the narrative section and the possible parentage of my great grandmother, Clara Ann Scarlett, is discussed in the Surnames section. The reasons for other doubts are explained in the notes in the Family Group reports.

Some of the problems encountered in creating a Family Tree are -

  • The spelling of surnames can be very slippery.  I have found these versions of my surname - Jeffries, Jefferies, Jefferis, Jeffreys, Jefferys, and Jeffrys.  Other names can have many more variations.
  • Many people were illiterate, even incapable of writing their own name, so they would only know the pronunciation, which itself might be variable from place to place.
  • Official documents may have been filled in depending on how the person completing the documents interpreted the pronunciation and their spelling may not have been very good.  Information may also have been misheard by the official.
  • There is also plenty of scope for transcription errors, because not all officials had neat handwriting.  For example, in one census on, the name of the village Kingston Bagpuize had been transcribed as Kingston Bogforge, and in another our ancestor Jessie Treacher had been transcribed as Jessie Preacher.  This sort of error can make it difficult to find a record.  Also some Parish Records may only be available as transcipts of the Bishop's Transcripts, which as the name suggests are themselves copies.
  • Not everyone would have known their date of birth or where they were born.  Some may have lied about their age.
  • Because of the Poor Laws, people were sometimes reluctant to say where they were born, because of the fear of relocation.  Because of this, the "Born in County" question is not entirely reliable.
  • Some people may have been missed from a census or may have chosen to avoid being included.

Data Sources


The information and images for the Family History have come from -

  • Family Memories
  • Family Photographs
  • Family Documents -
    • Original Birth, Marriage and Death Certificates and Registration Documents
    • Baptismal Certificates
    • Woolwich Cemetery Records and Documents
    • Newspaper Cuttings
    • Postcards
    • Job and school references
    • Apprentice Indenture
    • Royal Navy Records
  • Census Records online via
  • Civil Registration Indexes (Births, marriages and deaths) online via and
  • Berkshire Parish Records on CD-ROM from the Oxfordshire Family History Society
  • Berkshire Overseers' Papers on CD-ROM from the Oxfordshire Family History Society
  • Copy Birth, Marriage and Death Certificates ordered online from the GRO
  • (Site of the Church of the Latter Day Saints)
  • Royal Navy Records online from the National Archives
  • Chelsea Pension Records on
  • London Gazette
  • Scotland's People Web Site
  • Web Site
  • Stephen Cook and Adrian Hall
  • Longworth and District History Society
  • Jill Muir
  • Bostwick Family Web Site
  • Original Photographs
  • Chris Jeffries
  • Shirley Treacher
  • Gladys Collie
  • Gill Mullings
  • British Library Online Newspaper Archive
  • Celia Pike
  • Jan Richardson



What are days for?
Days are where we live.

    (Philip Larkin - Days)


Parish records record the date of baptism rather than the date of birth and the date of burial rather than the date of death, although occasionally a helpful clergyman will give both dates.

If a year of birth only is shown, it has probably been calculated from the age on one or more census records or from the age at marriage or death in a parish record or certificate, or estimated from other dates, such as the birth of children.

The provenance of all dates can be found in the Family Group reports.

External Links Information


To the best of my knowledge and belief, all of the external links in this site are directed to reputable and trustworth sites, but I have no responsiblity for these sites, nor do I necessarily agree with or endorse their content.